Source: The Conversation (Au and NZ) – By Jean-Paul Gagnon, Senior lecturer in democracy studies, University of Canberra
Ahead of this week’s budget, Treasurer Jim Chalmers says he wants Australians to prepare for a serious conversation about how to pay for the services we need.
We’ve developed a proposal to make that conversation more real.
Australians pay a lot of tax (although less than in some other countries) and we pay it in a lot of ways: through income tax, the goods and services tax, excise duties, stamp duties, council rates, and capital gains tax.
Most of us accept tax, if grudgingly. But many aren’t happy with how it is spent.
Our idea is that Australians who want a greater say in where their taxes go could be given a TaxTrack number, which would trace those dollars and direct them only to places they wanted them to go.
If they wanted, they could view the invoices their contributions had helped pay, and they could specify which invoices their contributions should not pay – perhaps by prohibiting the spending of their money on things such as military ammunition, or specifying that a certain proportion was directed to healthcare.
Governments would have to work with those instructions, cutting spending in areas that lacked support and boosting it in areas for which there was overwhelming support.
It would give taxpayers a lot of power, and a good deal more engagement.
The idea borrows from previous experiments with “participatory budgeting”, including one in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre in the 1980s.
But whereas these experiments gathered citizens together to discuss the outputs of budgets (as Chalmers is proposing) ours would empower citizens at the input stage, using technology that has only recently become available.
What are the drawbacks?
We foresee problems. One is that necessary but unpopular activities might not be funded. For instance, administration, and tax collection itself, tend to be unpopular and could face a squeeze.
Taxpayers might also decide to look after themselves. The young might strip pensions from the old. The old might cut funding that goes to the young.
But the forums, and the agency the system would give to citizens, would connect them more strongly to government and help combat the political disenchantment seen in the United States and elsewhere.
At this stage it’s only an idea, albeit one that has become technologically feasible. It mightn’t yet be politically feasible. But things are moving in that direction.
Given Chalmers’ exhortation to the Australian people to have a “serious conversation” about how to fund public services, our proposal (or something like it) would offer people a practical way to do it.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert, finance minister to Louis XIV, famously declared the art of taxation “consists in so plucking the goose as to obtain the largest possible amount of feathers with the smallest possible amount of hissing”.
It might be time for the goose to decide how its feathers are used.
Jean-Paul Gagnon works with the University of Canberra and pays tax.
Angela Tan-Kantor is an academic at the University of Canberra. She is affiliated with the Institute of Public Affairs, Institute of Public Accountants and the Financial Services Institute of Australasia.
Bomikazi Zeka pays tax.
John Hawkins pays tax and regards it as the price of civilisation.
– ref. Imagine if each of us could direct where our taxes were spent. Meet TaxTrack – https://theconversation.com/imagine-if-each-of-us-could-direct-where-our-taxes-were-spent-meet-taxtrack-192576