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France has detailed an unprecedented security set-up for New Caledonia’s third and final independence referendum on December 12.

The French authorities made the announcement as the pro-independence FLNKS called on its supporters to boycott the vote after France refused to delay it until next year.

If the call is heeded, the anti-independence side is all but certain to again have a majority as it did in the 2018 and 2020 referendums.

To ensure a safe voting process in December, French High Commissioner Patrice Faure said 1400 armed police will be flown in from France, including 15 mobile units.

High Commissioner in New Caledonia, Patrice Faure
French High Commissioner in New Caledonia Patrice Faure … 1400 armed police will be flown in from France. Image: The Pacific Journal

Just over a week ago, a contingent of 250 armed police arrived in Noumea as first reinforcements for the referendum.

In coming weeks, an additional 100 members of the national police and 250 members of the armed forces are expected.

Elite tactical response unit
The police’s elite tactical response unit will also be reinforced to deal with any situation that may arise.

One hundred and sixty vehicles, 30 armoured carriers, two helicopters and a transport aircraft are due in the next weeks.

Sixty investigators will be flown in to stay for as long as needed.

There will also be a cyber unit dedicated to respond to hate speech and calls for violence on social media.

General Christophe Marietti, who oversees the security operation, said the deployment — which is twice the size of the one at the 2018 referendum — is meant to be “reassuring, dissuasive and reactive”.

After the 2018 plebiscite, rioting south of Noumea closed the main road, which police managed to reopen after two days.

Both the French High Commissioner and Overseas Minister Sebastien Lecornu have said the vote would go ahead as announced in June despite the calls to defer it because of the covid-19 pandemic and the devastating impact on the indigenous Kanak people.

Elections held on time
Lecornu said in democracies votes were held on time and only an out-of-control pandemic could make a date change possible.

More than 10,000 people caught covid-19 since the start of the latest community outbreak in early September and more than 260 people — mainly indigenous Kanaks — have died.

The FLNKS said its campaign was being hampered because covid-19 measures restrict meetings.

It also argues that the Kanak people are in mourning, and therefore the referendum should be postponed until September next year.

The wish to delay the vote is also being supported by the Melanesian Spearhead Group.

The anti-independence camp has meanwhile resumed its referendum campaign, dismissing the rivals’ concerns by pointing out that the issue at stake has been debated for the past three years.

It also said that it was the pro-independence politicians who in April wanted a third referendum when others were against holding another one.

Final referendum held early
Lecornu has said 18 months after the December 2020 referendum, another vote would be held on the next status of New Caledonia.

Paris outlined in a paper in July what the consequences would be of either a yes or a no vote.

A no vote would open the way for an arrangement of partial reintegration into France while a yes vote would, after a transition phase, usher in a sharp rupture.

An FLNKS politician, Pierre-Chanel Tutugoro, said that amid the current debate, two important historic aspects emanating from the 1983 roundtable in Nainville-les-Roches remained.

He said the French state had recognised the innate and active right to independence of the colonised Kanak people.

He also said the Kanak people accepted to include in any future decolonisation process all the various communities that had settled in New Caledonia as part of France’s colonisation.

This article is republished under a community partnership agreement with RNZ.

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