Editorial By Selwyn Manning. The Issue: ISIS Crimes Outside International Criminal Court Jurisdiction – Unless UN Security Council Orders Inquiry
TODAY IN NEW YORK the chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Court began lobbying diplomats based at the United Nations to agree to lobby for it to investigate crimes against humanity – crimes committed on a grand scale by ISIS within Iraq and Syria – within territory which the ICC has no jurisdiction.
The International Criminal Court (ICC)’s chief prosecutor Judge Fatou Bensouda’s plea lays bare how member states of the UN Security Council have to permit the international body to begin an investigation into crimes, it describes as “of unspeakable cruelty”. (ref. ForeignAffairs.co.nz)
The (International Criminal) Court may only exercise jurisdiction over international crimes if (I) its jurisdiction has been accepted by the State on the territory of which the crime was committed, (ii) its jurisdiction has been accepted by the State of which the person accused is a national, or (iii) the situation is referred to the Prosecutor by the Security Council acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter.
That’s where New Zealand can play a progressive part. As a member of the UN Security Council New Zealand has the power to argue for the Security Council to refer these crimes to the ICC so it can begin a large-scale investigation into these (and the crimes of others inside Iraq and Syria).
New Zealand was appointed to the UN Security Council on the basis of its advocacy for human rights and justice. One cannot imagine a more grave issue developing that advocates a large-scale and coordinated international policing and judicial response.
New Zealand Government ought to be mindful, that victims of these crimes may not be exclusive to citizens of other countries, that New Zealander/s too could be shown to have fallen to the perpetrators of these crimes. It isn’t as if the International Criminal Court is shying away from doing what it was set up to do.
The ICC’s chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, said today: “As Prosecutor of the ICC, I stand ready to play my part, in an independent and impartial manner, in accordance with the legal framework of the Rome statute.”
Taking this on board, surely the ISIS crimes, and those of other militia in this retched theatre, ought to compel the New Zealand Government to make use of its proud history of advocacy for human rights and justice.
As such, New Zealand ought to bare a burden here and speak to the world’s powers via its membership of the UN Security Council and argue that in times of war, victims – whether in memory or in fact, whether in person or on their behalf – especially deserve recourse to international courts of justice. The New Zealand Government has an opportunity to mean something here. If it chooses to, it can:
- Stand up as a newly appointed member of the UN Security Council
- Declare the actions of ISIS as gross crimes against humanity
- Speak to the ideals of recourse, investigation, identification, and conviction
- Demand that the UN Security Council refer the matter to the International Criminal Court prosecutor so that an international judicial response be initiated.
New Zealand would not be alone on this matter. Already France and Switzerland have lobbied for the UNSC to authorise an ICC response. (ref. See today’s New York Times) It is an absurdity that the New Zealand Government has not done this already. It is after all a signatory to the ICC Rome Statute, and part of the very body that can order judicial process to progress. If the New Zealand Government refuses to do so, the question remains as to why it was appointed to the UN Security Council in the first place.
The ICC has opened investigations in:
- Uganda; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Darfur, Sudan; Central African Republic; Kenya; Libya; Côte d’Ivoire and Mali. The Office is also conducting preliminary examinations relating to the situations in Afghanistan, Colombia, Georgia, Guinea, Honduras, Iraq (alleged abuses by UK forces), Nigeria, Palestine and Ukraine.